Nautilus Peace and Security Weekly – 19 September 2013

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"Nautilus Peace and Security Weekly – 19 September 2013", NAPSNet Weekly Report, September 19, 2013,

UntitledDETERRENCE: Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety, E. Schlosser, Penguin, New York, 2013

Human fallibility, scale, and technological complexity inevitably mean whatever can go wrong eventually will go wrong.  Schlosser focuses on the “always/never” dilemma: “Ideally, a nuclear weapon would always detonate when it was supposed to — and never detonate when it wasn’t supposed to”.

A South Korean athlete carries the country’s national flag at the opening ceremony for the 2013 Asian Cup and Interclub Weightlifting Championship in Pyongyang, North Korea.DPRK: North Korea Restarting its 5MW Reactor, 38 North, (11 September 2013)

North Korea continues to act in seemingly contradictory ways that but that are an established pattern of asserting sovereignty.  North Korea – for the first time – raised Taegukki, the South Korean flag, and played South Korea’s national anthem. North Korea also allowed operations at Kaesong Industrial Complex to resume and is interested in restarting nuclear talks.  At the same time, North Korea is restarting a 5 Mwe gas-graphite plutonium production reactor.

artic sea iceENERGY SECURITY: Arctic Sea Ice Melting Faster Than Expected, UN Report Finds, Pilita Clark (18 September 2013), Financial Times (registration required)

FT reports on a leaked draft of an IPCC study claiming, “A nearly ice-free Arctic Ocean in September before mid-century is likely.” Daily Mail alleges that the draft Summary for Policy Makers for Working Group 1 retracts some previous claims, even as it supposedly claims that the authors are “95 per cent certain – that human  influence caused more than half  the temperature rises from 1951 to 2010, up from ‘very confident’ –  90 per cent certain – in 2007.”

Source: Japan TimesGOVERNANCE AND CIVIL SOCIETY: Japan Grapples with Rise in Hate Groups, Michael Penn, The Real News (11 September 2013)

Anti-Korean sentiment has been on the rise over the past year in Japan. Protests by hate groups followed Tokyo’s Olympic bid win, calling for a break in relations. Japan’s government has also faced criticism on its treatment of students in schools in Japan with ties to the DPRK. A ROK NGO will launch the Korea-China Peace Project, a Chinese language site dedicated to the historical issues between the ROK, PRC and Japan.

Image CC adapt for 19-9-13CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION: Floods in the WHO European Region: Health Effects and their Prevention, Bettina Menne and Virginia Murray (editors), World Health Organization-Regional Office for Europe (2013)

Physical resilience of the built environment is important in the prevention of health impacts resulting from floods–both in the short and long term. Various strategies can be adopted for making new buildings more resistant to flood or retrofitting buildings at risk. For settings with high flood risk, resiliency and resistance measures are highly economically worthwhile.

Tag cloud map of the internet country code top level domains according to Google, Margarida Fonseca, FlickR (23 July 2010)AUTRAL PEACE AND SECURITYAustralia’s Role in an American Internet, James Turner, Australian Financial Review (17 September 2013)

The world has entrusted huge amounts of sensitive data to the safekeeping of US cloud providers. Snowden’s NSA revelations raise concerns about potentially compromised commercial information in Australia:  the NSA seems to have lost control over its own data, and NSA insiders could potentially abuse their access for commercial gain. This has been the most extensive, and expensive, breach of corporate data Australia has experienced to date, and agencies have not disclosed details to the Australian public.

The Nautilus Peace and Security Weekly Report presents articles and full length reports each week in six categories: Austral security, nuclear deterrence, energy security, climate change and security, the DPRK, climate change adaptation and governance and civil society. Our team of contributors carefully select items that highlight the links between these themes and the three regions in which our offices are found—North America, Northeast Asia, and the Austral-Asia region. 

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