Voluntary Standards and Internationally Recognized Guidelines:

These following standards and guidelines could be used as a basis for a more binding approach to investor responsibilities and obligations.

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises

These Guidelines are jointly addressed by Member countries to multinational enterprises operating in their territories. These Guidelines, which account for the problems which stem from the international structure of these enterprises, lay down standards for these enterprises in the different Member countries. The standards help to strengthen the basis of mutual confidence between enterprises and host governments.

Global Reporting Initiative

Organized by the Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies (CERES), The Global Reporting Initiative was established in late 1997 with the mission of designing globally applicable guidelines for preparing enterprise-level sustainability reports.

UN Global Compact

The Global Compact is a value-based platform designed to promote institutional learning throug transparency and dialogue to identify and disseminate good practices based on nine universal principles drawn from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the ILO’s Fundamental Principles on Rights at Work and the Rio Principles on Environment and Development

Global Sullivan Principles

These business principles were developed by Reverend Leon Sullivan and a small group of U.S. and European companies. Intended as an aspirational statement to which companies can align their internal policies, the Principles cover such things as equal opportunity; freedom of association; safety and health; and ethical business dealings.

International Labour Organisation Core Standards

Core labor standards as a component of international trade agreements has become a policy priority across the globe. The ILO core standards have received considerable support from several national governments and are the leading set of international labor standards.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

U.S. Department of State Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights

A dialogue between the governments of the United States and the United Kingdom, companies in the extractive and energy sectors, and non-governmental organizations with an interest in human rights and corporate social responsibility.

Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)

The Overseas Private Investment Corporation’s provides political risk insurance and loans to U.S. businesses in more than 140 emerging markets and developing nations worldwide. See the OPIC and the environment, which has the most comprehensive environmental policies and prohibitions of any export credit agency.

The World Bank Pollution Prevention & Abatement Handbook

Internationally recognized environmental guidelines which cover 40 industrial sectors


(Financial Accounting Standards Board)
The designated organization in the private sector for establishing standards of financial accounting and reporting. Those standards govern the preparation of corporate financial reports.