NAPSNet Weekly – 6 June 2014

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UntitledDETERRENCE: Oral History, Lt. Gen. John Cushman, US Army Retired, (Volume II, V)

As Commander of the US-ROK I Corps from 1976-78, Gen. John Cushman concluded that US-ROK artillery and rocket units could not gather intelligence, select targets, control nuclear fires, and coordinate nuclear strikes with maneuver units, and would not pass audit.  His overriding aim was to defend his sector without being forced to consider nuclear war. (vol. V, 22-7) [PDF, 2.7MB]

inside KJUs planeDPRK: North Korea to Re-Open Investigation into Abduction of Japanese Citizens Decades Ago. Australia Network News, (30 May 2014)

North Korea has been relatively quiet for the past few months.  It has been particularly quiet given quiet given a food condition that is still rather tight.  However, the relative quiet also allows for negotiations.  North Korea agreed to investigate the plight of Japanese abductees, Japan agreed to loosen some sanctions.  On the Six Party Front, after the U.S. met with the North Koreans, the U.S. head of Six Party Talks is now meeting with the South Korean and Chinese heads of Six Party Talks.  There almost reasons for guarded optimism. CHANGE ADAPTATION: Climate Stress, Behavioral Adaptation and Subjective Well Being in Coastal Cities of India, Parul Rishi and Ruchi Mudaliar, American Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 13-21 (2014) [350 KB, PDF]

Out of the several projected impacts of climate change in India, coastal zones are apprehended to suffer the most devastating effects owing to the vast sea-side development and huge populations in the vicinity of the coast. Therefore, there is a pressing need to address issues related to climate stress, adaptation, vulnerability and coping in coastal cities of India, especially from the psychological perspective.

043014fukushimaENERGY SECURITY: Risk of Nuclear Accidents ‘Rising’, Julian Borger, The Hindu (1May 2014)

A Chatham House report claims, “Until their elimination, vigilance and prudent decision-making in nuclear policies are therefore of the utmost priority.” India’s Bharatiya Janata Party, widely thought to come back to power, with a top leader known to act like law unto himself, has promised a review of the country’s “no first use” pledge. In pursuit of a “credible deterrent,” the security of the country’s nuclear materials has been entrusted to gods, like much else in India.

NCA 2014 - Damage to coastal roadsCLIMATE CHANGE AND SECURITY: Third National Climate Assessment, U.S. Global Change Research Program (May 2014)

All discussion of climate change and security is fundamentally irrelevant without concerted, comprehensive and cooperative global policy intervention on mitigation and adaptation. Should Barack Obama’s attempt to re-set the US domestic agenda fail, then a US role in shaping a new global agreement in Paris in 2015 will be either negligible, obstructive, or both. Meanwhile, Australian PM Tony Abbott has refused to put the issue of climate change on the coming G20 meeting agenda.

The Nautilus Peace and Security Weekly Report presents articles and full length reports each week in six categories: Austral security, nuclear deterrence, energy security, climate change and security, the DPRK, climate change adaptation and governance and civil society. Our team of contributors carefully select items that highlight the links between these themes and the three regions in which our offices are found—North America, Northeast Asia, and the Austral-Asia region.

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