- Solving problems
- Wicked problems
- Social messes, Robert E. Horn
- Network tools
- Visualisation tools
- Global civil society
Network theory, Complex Systems Science, CSIRO.
Analysis and Design of Information for Complex Social Messes-Case Study – UK Energy and Climate Change Policy, Robert E, Horn, MediaX Stanford University, 2007 Part 1 (PowerPoint) Part 2 (PowerPoint).
Connecting the Smudges: How Analytic Info-Murals May Be of Help in Dealing With Social Messes, Robert E. Horn, 2-6 May, 2005.
A conceptual design tool for exploiting interlinkages between the focal areas of the GEF, edited by Habiba Gitay, Global Environment Fund, GEF Council, GEF/C.24/Inf.10, 10 November 2004.
5.2 Description of the interlinkages design tool
Our conceptual design tool is analogous to assessing the risk of a given project on other focal areas, i.e. projects can be assessed as having negative, positive or neutral effects on the goals of other focal areas. The tool is not intended to be comprehensive. Its main intention is to encourage interdisciplinary analysis of interlinkage effects. The conceptual design tool incorporates some of the components included in environmental impact assessment. However, the appropriate wider tool that may be of relevance is strategic environmental assessment (SEA — see also Box 10). SEA would allow client countries (or regions) to address multiple environmental issues in their development plans — the main goal of the interlinkages tool, but at the project level. Realistically, this is a long-term process given that very few countries have attempted to carry out a strategic environmental assessment.
The conceptual design tool consists of a series of questions that the project developers can use as a guide. The questions in the checklists have to be seen as being indicative rather than exhaustive. If the response to each question is positive, it means that the project design addresses the relevant issues that deal with interlinkages, that the project is less likely to have negative impacts on other focal areas, and is able to maximize the positive impacts.
The basic questions are:
- Has the project design taken into account potential interlinkages specifically addressing means of minimizing the negative effects and maximizing the positive impacts on other focal areas?
- What trade-offs, if any, are necessary? (In many cases there will obviously be some trade-offs that would need to be considered when project developers take account of interlinkages. Many of these trade-offs will be social issues, such as the needs of the indigenous and local peoples within protected areas, and would need to be given careful considerations).
Knowledge Mapping for Complex Social Messes, Robert E. Horn, 16 July 2001.
, Princeton University
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The Role of Think Tanks in Defining Security Issues and Agendas, Peter Hayes, Global Collaborative Essay: October 21st, 2004.