APSNet for 20070903
Austral Peace and Security Network (APSNet)
Twice weekly report from the Nautilus Institute at RMIT, Australia.
Monday 3 September 2007
- Nelson Warns Dutch on Afghan Pullout
- Japanese Threaten Afghan Pull-Out
- Reforming Afghanistan’s Police
- British Troops Pull Out of their Last Base in Basra City
- Pact Lifts Lid on US Defence Secrets
- Indonesia: Military, Police Reform too Slow
- Aust Pledges $240m in Aid to E Timor
- Limited Human-To-Human Spread of Avian-Flu Virus in Indonesia in 2006
Nelson Warns Dutch on Afghan Pullout, Dennis Shanahan, Australian, 2007-08-31
Brendan Nelson has warned Dutch MPs that a decision to remove their troops from southern Afghanistan could lead to the withdrawal of Australia’s military personnel based alongside the Dutch in Oruzgan province. The Dutch parliament is considering withdrawing the country’s troops from Oruzgan province following a series of combat deaths and rising public concern in The Netherlands about the wisdom of the fight against the Taliban.
Japanese Threaten Afghan Pull-Out, Peter Alford, Australian, 2007-08-31
The US and its NATO allies are leaning heavily on the Abe Government and opposition leader Ichiro Ozawa to continue Japan’s involvement with Operation Enduring Freedom in and around Afghanistan. But Mr Ozawa, who has the numbers to frustrate the necessary legislation in the upper house, said that the Democratic Party of Japan believed the operation lacked proper UN authorisation and Japan’s involvement was therefore illegitimate.
Japan’s Contribution to Afghanistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan, March 2007 [PDF]
The End of Alliance ‘Business as Usual’? Ozawa’s Rejection of Japan’s Indian Ocean Deployment, Richard Tanter, JapanFocus, 2007-08-12
The MSDF Indian Ocean Deployment – Blue Water Militarization in a “Normal Country”, Richard Tanter, Austral Policy Forum 06-09A, 2006-03-30
Reforming Afghanistan’s Police, Asia Report 138, ICG, 2007-08-30
Insecurity will worsen, and democracy can fail in insurgency-ridden Afghanistan if the police are not reformed and depoliticised. The state of the Afghan National Police (ANP) nearly six years after the fall of the Taliban reflects the international community’s failure to grasp early on the centrality of comprehensive reform of the law enforcement and justice sectors.
Under Cover of Darkness, British Troops Pull Out of their Last Base in Basra City, Michael Evans and Martin Fletcher, Times, 2007-09-03
Basra airport will now be the only base for the 5,500 soldiers still serving in southern Iraq. With the palace base handed to the Iraqis, the Government is expected to announce that the British presence in Iraq will be reduced by 500 within the next few weeks British military sources said it was hoped that the withdrawal would reduce the violence in the city, as 90 per cent of the attacks had been aimed at the soldiers.
Pact Lifts Lid on US Defence Secrets, Tom Allard, SMH, 2007-09-03
The US President, George Bush, will unveil a new security pact in Sydney this week, granting Australia preferential access to top-secret US military technology and enhancing co-operation on defence and counter-terrorism. US and Australian diplomatic sources say the new security agreement will include a framework to speed up Australian access to sensitive defence technologies and information.
Military, Police Reform too Slow, Tony Hotland, Jakarta Post, 2007-08-31
A professional study has slammed the government’s efforts to reform the country’s security sector, saying the military, police and intelligence bodies have been too slow to implement change legislated more than five years ago. ‘The Almanac of Reform in Indonesia’s Security Sector’ was put together by the Indonesian Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies (Lesperssi) and the Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces.
Aust Pledges $240m in Aid to E Timor, ABC, 2007-08-30
Mr Downer has committed $240 million in aid to East Timor over the next four years. The package includes more than $70 million for water and sanitation, with the extra funding also going to East Timor’s education system. East Timorese President Jose Ramos said. “It is $70 million a year that properly applied, will make a tremendous difference in the lives of the poor”.
Study Confirms Limited Human-To-Human Spread of Avian-Flu Virus in Indonesia in 2006, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, News, 2007-08-28
In the first systematic, statistical analysis of its kind, infectious-disease-modeling experts confirm that the avian influenza A (H5N1) virus in 2006 spread between a small number of people within a family in Indonesia. The researchers based their findings on a cluster of eight flu cases within an extended family in northern Sumatra.
Bird Flu Special Report, New Scientist, July 2007