SANDNet Weekly Update, October 25, 2001

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SANDNet, "SANDNet Weekly Update, October 25, 2001", SANDNet, October 25, 2001, https://nautilus.org/sandnet/sandnet-weekly-update-october-25-2001/

CONTENTS
October 25, 2001
Volume 2, #41

Nuclear Issues

1. Pakistan Nuclear Safety
2. India Nuclear Safety
3. China and Pakistan

Afghanistan War and Implications

1. Afghanistan: Current Situation
2. Afghanistan: Future Prospect
3. Pakistan
4. India
5. Regional Issues
6. U.S. Role
7. General Assessments

Pakistan

1. Pakistan Domestic Situation
2. Pakistan-India Relations
3. Pakistan-U.S. Relations

India

1. India Domestic Situation
2. India-Pakistan Relations
3. India-U.S. Relations
4. India-Russia Relations

Kashmir

1. Internal Situation
2. India and Pakistan
3. United States


Nuclear Issues
    
1. Pakistan Nuclear Safety

General Musharraf reiterated that Pakistan will not let any country pressure it to change its nuclear weapons policy. During his visit to Islamabad, the U.S. Under Secretary of State Alan Larson said that the U.S. continues to be concerned about Pakistan’s nuclear weapons.
No compromise on N-plan: Musharraf

2. India Nuclear Safety

India strongly rejected a Washington Post report that India might – under certain conditions – launch a preemptive strike against Pakistan’s nuclear sites. Meanwhile, the Indian Minister for State, Omar Abdullah, raised concerns about Pakistan’s first use of nuclear weapons against India. The Indian Department of Atomic Energy also beefed up security at its nuclear plants.
    
3. China and Pakistan

China reportedly has refused a U.S. request for a list of missile parts and missile-making technology that Beijing would stop exporting to Pakistan.


Afghanistan War and Implications
    
1. Afghanistan: Current Situation

Reports in Pakistani newspapers suggest that the Taliban has shown greater cohesion and resistance than some observers expected.

2. Afghanistan: Future Prospect

The Pakistani government once again supported the idea that any future government in Kabul should be broad based. Well-known columnists for Pakistani newspapers examine the complexities of setting up a new government in Kabul.

3. Pakistan

President Pervez Musharraf wants the U.S to end its war before the start of Ramadan, the holy month for Muslims, which begins by mid November. Pakistani government officials, while estimating that the war in Afghanistan will cost the country about US$2.5 billion, have also suggested that foreign aid may be less than what is generally expected. A newspaper reports two cases of Anthrax attack in Karachi. There are also reports that 26 members of Pakistani groups which have been fighting along with Taliban have been killed. The influx of Afghan refugees into Pakistan continues despite the closure of the border between the two countries. Author and columnist Shahid Burki suggest that Pakistan should seek longer-term relief and assistance in order to get the economy moving again.

4. India

India says that a friendly, stable government in Kabul is critical to its security. An Indian columnist wonders whether India has been sidelined in the new global situation after September 11.
    
5. Regional Issues

Military contingents from Turkey and Bangladesh could be leading a future international peace-keeping force, according to “informed sources” in India.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has stated that the present Taliban regime can have no role to play in a post-Taliban government..

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Ilya Klabanov said that Russia was maintaining the “closest” interaction with India over the developments in Afghanistan

6. U.S. Role

U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell played down the notion of a massive reconstruction program on the order of the Marshall Plan for Afghanistan.

Northern Alliance leaders suggested that they will keep their troops outside Kabul only if the United States ensures that ‘other groups’ do the same

7. General Assessments

Ayaz Amir considers the ramifications if the U.S.-led war fails to dislodge Taliban from Kabul.

Debate in the Islamic world between modernism and revivalism has become distorted in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks.

Defense experts reportedly suggest that the US war against global terrorism threatens to trigger a new arms race in the Middle East and Asia.


Pakistan
    
1. Pakistan Domestic Situation

Numerous reports note the increasing tension between religious political parties and President Pervez Musharraf’s government.

A Dawn editorial argues that the current crisis should not be used to postpone scheduled national elections.

Irfan Hussian writes that conspiracy theories about the September 11 attacks are a way for the people of Muslim countries to avoid taking a hard look at the conditions in their societies.

2. Pakistan-India Relations

India and Pakistan have exchanged hostilecomments.

3. Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Various reports describe the U.S. economic support package for Pakistan.


India
    
1. India Domestic Situation

George Fernandes, after being forced to resign as a result of a corruption scandal, has returned as India’s Defence Secretary.

The Union Cabinet tonight approved the promulgation of the Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance, 2001, which is expected to replace the infamous, but already lapsed, Terrorists and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act (TADA).

2. India-Pakistan Relations

Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee told a news conference that he “feels as if there is no point in talking to Pakistan”. He also described Pakistan as an “untrustworthy neighbor” at a gathering of Sikh community. Responding to a question about recent statements by Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf, a spokesperson for the Ministry of External Affairs stated that India did not wish to enter into a “sterile debate” with Islamabad.

3. India-U.S. Relations

An Indian foreign ministry spokesperson ruled out the need for assistance from the United States in solving the Kashmir issue.

4. India-Russia Relations

India and Russia have discussed a deal for India to lease four supersonic reconnaissance aircraft under a contract that may be signed next month.
“India to acquire reconnaissance aircraft from Russia”


Kashmir
    
1. Internal Situation

Reports on continuing violence in Jummu and Kashmir.

2. India and Pakistan

Pakistan does not want the U.S. to equate the violence in Kashmir with terrorism.

Indian Home Minister LK Advani and Indian Defence Minister George Fernandes issued tough statements on Kashmir.

3. United States

U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell urged both India and Pakistan to act with “enormous restraint” in spite of the tensions over Kashmir. Powell also stated that the Kashmir issue was “central” to Indo-Pakistan relations.


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