Nautilus Peace and Security Weekly – 19 June

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"Nautilus Peace and Security Weekly – 19 June", NAPSNet Weekly Report, June 19, 2014,

DETERRENCE: Korea Should Go Nuclear, John Lee, The Korean Foreigner, May 5, 2014

After Russia’s Crimea annexation, many Koreans ask if the US is a reliable ally.  Blogger John Lee suggests the ROK declare armed neutrality to defend itself against DPRK attack and Chinese predominance in the DPRK.  Without the US nuclear umbrella, the ROK needs nuclear weapons.  China will look the other way so long as the ROK ensures the DPRK does not become China’s problem.

NKOREA-POLITICS-KIMDPRK: Supplying Energy Needs for the DPRK’s Special Economic Zones and Special Administrative Regions: Electricity Infrastructure Requirements. Roger Cavazos and David Von Hippel, Hanyang University Working Paper 2014-4 (April 2014)

By piecing together the trade statistics of other countries’ trade with North Korea, it becomes relative clear, from a macroeconomic perspective, North Korea appears to be moving forward.  Moreover, North Korea also appears to be diversifying its trade partners, although it remains overwhelmingly dependent on trade with China – perhaps more so than ever before. A relatively strong economy is required to underpin economic strength.  However, there is not yet conclusive evidence to indicate the role “parallel development” byungjin nosun /병진노선/ 平行发展 played in these developments.

Reuters: todayonline.comGOVERNANCE AND CIVIL SOCIETY: Hong Kongers Protest Mainland China’s Reassertion of Control Over City, Al Jazeera America (11 June 2014)

China has released a white paper reasserting its authority over Hong Kong, arguing that many Hong Kong residents are “confused” about the level of autonomy Hong Kong enjoys. While the paper sparked protests in Hong Kong with plans for further demonstrations, several business leaders have come out in opposition to the planned protests. CHANGE AND SECURITY: Forget the World Cup – Brazil Posts Double Win with Simultaneous Soy Boom and Deforestation Drop, Andrew C. Revkin, Dot Earth, New York Times blog (5 June 2014)

Granted the mediating factors, the sustainability of food supply chains is a fundamental security concern. In a complex story, a “70% decline in deforestation in the Amazon provides lessons on the importance of public policies, monitoring systems, and supply chain interventions in slowing the advance of a vast, complex agricultural frontier.” But at sea, climate change and acidification impacts “are negative on a global scale; severely so in many regions”.

The Nautilus Peace and Security Weekly Report presents articles and full length reports each week in six categories: Austral security, nuclear deterrence, energy security, climate change and security, the DPRK, climate change adaptation and governance and civil society. Our team of contributors carefully select items that highlight the links between these themes and the three regions in which our offices are found—North America, Northeast Asia, and the Austral-Asia region.

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