Nautilus Peace and Security Network – 28 May 2015

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"Nautilus Peace and Security Network – 28 May 2015", NAPSNet Weekly Report, May 28, 2015,

Deterrence imageDETERRENCE: How Israel hid its secret nuclear weapons program, Avner Cohen, William Burr, Politico (15 April 2015)

The Eisenhower Administration discovered Israel’s nuclear materials factory for its nuclear weapons program but let the “textile” factory story stand for decades. Israel has about 80 nuclear warheads, 24 nuclear capable missiles, squadrons of aircraft, and possibly sea-launched cruise missiles. It has used them for immediate deterrence signaling.

trilateralDPRK: FKI plans new liaison branch in Pyongyang, Kim Joon-sool, Joongang Daily (18 May 2015)

Businesses can be an asymmetric approach to North Korea. Foreign currency earning companies in North Korea are controlled by the Korea Workers Party but can serve as informal information conduits since those companies must report information back and they need some basic market information in order to survive in the marketplace. It is generally positive that the Koreas were able to reconcile a wage dispute in the Kaesong Industrial Complex via ad hoc measures since the nominally institutionalized conflict resolution measures did not perform as expected. Potential investors in North Korea will demand a predictable, reliable dispute resolution mechanism.

GOVERNANCE AND CIVIL SOCIETY: Controversy follows as activists cross North-South Korean border, Elise Hu, NPR (24 May 2015)

Thirty women peace activists completed their march from Pyongyang across the DMZ to promote peace and reconciliation on the Korean Peninsula, but many question whether the march was a success or simply propaganda for the DPRK regime. The DPRK did quote activists praising the regime, which the activists denied, but lending credit to the propaganda argument. Others, however, noted the significance of the march amid current tensions.

Image for 28-5-15CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION: Australia and Climate Change Negotiations: at the Table, or on the Menu? Lowy Institute for International Policy (March 2015) [901 KB, PDF]

The climate change negotiations are changing the global economy in ways that matter to Australia. New norms, standards, rules, and even laws will require Australia to change. These developments create challenges and opportunities for Australian businesses and individuals. Australia’s national circumstances – especially its relatively high current dependence on industries that emit large quantities of greenhouse gases – are distinctive, so Australia must work harder than others to advance its interests.

CLIMATESEC IMAGECLIMATE CHANGE AND SECURITY: Climate change and security: here’s the analysis, when’s the action? Dan Smith, openDemocracy (22 April 2015)

‘The core message is that climate change is having a multi-faceted impact on many states, societies and communities. It exerts a pressure they cannot tolerate for long. Compound risks emerge as the impact of climate change interacts with other political, social and economic problems. Climate change makes it hard to build resilience in the state or even in local communities, while the fragility of the state makes it hard to adapt to the impact of climate change.’

The Nautilus Peace and Security Weekly Report presents articles and full length reports each week in six categories: Austral security, nuclear deterrence, energy security, climate change and security, the DPRK, climate change adaptation and governance and civil society. Our team of contributors carefully select items that highlight the links between these themes and the three regions in which our offices are found — North America, Northeast Asia, and the Austral-Asia region.

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