Nautilus Peace and Security Network: 16 April 2015

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"Nautilus Peace and Security Network: 16 April 2015", NAPSNet Weekly Report, April 16, 2015,

Deterrence imageDETERRENCE: The war that must never be fought, James Goodby, George Shultz, edited, Hoover Press (March 2015)

18 authors including from China, Japan, and Korea argue (mostly) that a world without nuclear weapons is desirable and in the national security interests of the United States, its allies, friends, partners and even enemies. Moon Chung-in and Peter Hayes argue that South Korea’s non-nuclear strategy will defeat the North’s nuclear strategy.

DPRK imageDPRK: The Third Session of 13th SPA: Business as usual, Alexandre Mansourov, US-Korea Institute at SAIS (15 April 2015)

North Korea shows external signs of stasis at home and a desire to be left alone. North Korea held its annual Supreme People’s Assembly where North Korea’s legislators: 1) rubber-stamp decisions already made and 2) approve reports on North Korea’s budget. The entire affair is important because this is what North Koreans also tell themselves. Everything this year conveyed system stability. Kim Jong-un did not appear at the meeting; an indication the political system is moving back to stasis. North Korea’s missile threats are meant to prevent foreign intervention, and continue to display signs of systematic inefficiencies, for example it is not clear that missile designers and war head designers are even co-located.

Gov imageGOVERNANCE AND CIVIL SOCIETY: Seoul getting its first-ever vertical farm, Eum Sung-won, Hankyoreh (14 April 2015)

Seoul plans to establish its first vertical farm utilizing three floors of a redeveloped apartment complex as a training and cultivation center and hoping to promote R&D in the field. Vertical farms have struggled previously in Korea given high costs and low profitability, but have seen success in Japan, where a former semiconductor facility is now the world’s largest indoor farm, producing up to 10,000 heads of lettuce daily.

Image for 16 April 2015CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION: The Safe Cities Index 2015: Assessing urban security in the digital age, the Economist Intelligence Unit-EIU (2015) [5.30 MB, PDF]

The Safe Cities Index 2015 measures urban safety and security. It ranks 50 cities worldwide across five continents. The report points out how the frequency of terrorism and natural disasters has changed the nature of urban safety; power, communications and transport systems must be robust and able to withstand new external shocks.

Cover shot from BodY CountAUSTRAL PEACE AND SECURITY: Body count: casualty Figures after 10 years of the “War on Terror” – Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (Germany), Physicians for Global Responsibility, and Physicians for Global Survival (March 2015) [PDF, 3.3MB]

“The war has, directly or indirectly, killed around 1 million people in Iraq, 220,000 in Afghanistan and 80,000 in Pakistan, i.e. a total of around 1.3 million. The figure is approximately 10 times greater than that of which the public, experts and decision makers are aware of and propagated by the media and major NGOs. The total number of deaths in the three countries named above could also be in excess of 2 million, whereas a figure below 1 million is extremely unlikely.”

The Nautilus Peace and Security Weekly Report presents articles and full length reports each week in six categories: Austral security, nuclear deterrence, energy security, climate change and security, the DPRK, climate change adaptation and governance and civil society. Our team of contributors carefully select items that highlight the links between these themes and the three regions in which our offices are found — North America, Northeast Asia, and the Austral-Asia region.

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